Combine all ingredients except turkey and oil in a bowl. Rub turkey with oil. Season turkey inside, under the breast skin, and on the outside with the rub.
*Find French piment d'Espelette at amazon.com, and fennel pollen and California-grown piment d'Ville at oaktownspiceshop.com; or find all at specialty foods stores.
Makes 10 tbsp. (enough for a 14-lb. turkey)